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Thread: .22 RF Cleaning Frequency

  1. #21
    Boolit Master
    Join Date
    Aug 2007
    So. Indiana
    You can find out how many rounds in any semi auto it will fire before cleaning and that is to shoot it until you get misfires. I think most 22 rifles will go around 500 rounds depending on brand of ammo and it appears my colt 22 pistols donít make it that long before misfires, but they are easier to clean just by locking back the slide and cleaning the breech, feed ramp and bolt face with a toothbrush and solvent. 22 semi rifles need the trigger group cleaned as well. 22 revolvers are not immune as the chambers get crud rings that donít allow the cartridge to fully seat which softens the hammer blow and eventual misfires. Lever, pump and bolt rifles seem to shoot forever with little issues.
    Last edited by smkummer; 01-30-2020 at 10:45 AM.

  2. #22
    Boolit Buddy
    Join Date
    Jan 2011
    Prineville, Oregon
    I didn't realize people cleaned 22 rimfires. Interesting.

  3. #23
    Boolit Master

    Join Date
    Oct 2009
    Northern Michigan
    When I shot a lot of .22's, it was through a Hi-Standard for Bullseye. Ammunition must have been better then, as I cleaned it after about 3-5000 rounds. Never had to...just felt the need to.

    Might clean the current crop of pistols every couple of thousand rounds and rifles every 500 or so but only because I do not shoot them much anymore. Likely three years since I cleaned one.
    Don Verna

    NRA Endowment Member

  4. #24
    Boolit Master
    Join Date
    Sep 2016
    I clean actions (occasionally) and carefully removed carbon buildup on the muzzle crowns (rarely). I don't think I have ever put a wet patch, let alone a brush, through the bores, and this after fifty thousand rounds through each barrel, mainly cheap bulk ammo, which I think might be a bit dirtier than premium brands.

  5. #25
    Boolit Grand Master

    jonp's Avatar
    Join Date
    Feb 2013
    Planet Reality
    Depends. I always wipe the outside down but as for the bore, couple of times a year unless I'm bored.
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  6. #26

    ShooterAZ's Avatar
    Join Date
    Jan 2012
    Flagstaff, AZ
    For my match 22 autopistols, I also pull a boresnake through the bore about every 500 rounds or so. I clean the breachface and chamber area every time I shoot them. Just a couple of q-tips is usually all it takes for that. I do a strip down/detail cleaning once a year.

  7. #27
    Boolit Master Jedman's Avatar
    Join Date
    Nov 2014
    NW OH Oak Openings Area
    I hav owned many 22's and usually start out with a clean bore and unless accuracy goes south I don't clean them much. I did buy a Savage bolt action rifle for one of my grandsons a few years ago and it had a 3 X 9 scope on it. That rifle with a clean bore would shoot 1/2" @ 50 yards for about 20 shots and then quickly go down hill until brushed and patched clean. I looked several times down the bore in bright sunlight to see if it looked rough but the bore looked smooth and shiny. If it was my rifle I would play with it and if I couldn't make it better it would be sold but the boy doesn't really like guns so well and it sits in a closet now I guess ?


  8. #28
    Boolit Grand Master Outpost75's Avatar
    Join Date
    May 2013
    over the hill, out in the woods and far away
    When I was actively competing in NRA pistol and smallbore rifle, rifles would get a patch wet with Kroil, Hoppes or Mil-C-372B pushed through the bore and left wet at the end of the days firing. Before firing again, another wet patch to push out the soft crud, then two dry patches and shoot.

    Semi-auto target pistols got the same treatment, but in addition the barrel face and slide face would be scrubbed with a toothbrush to clear debris from the boltface, extractor and extractor cuts at the end of each day's firing. Prior to firing again repeat the one wet patch, two dry patches, then brush the barrel face and slide face with a horse hair brush to clear away any soft and loosened fouling. One drop of USP mineral oil onto slide rails and cycle slide a few times to distribute, then wipe exterior of gun and open breech surfaces with baby diaper to remove excess oil and dirt, then good to go for the day's match.

    PPC revolvers got thorough duty cleaning.
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  9. #29
    Boolit Master

    nicholst55's Avatar
    Join Date
    Jan 2007
    Daegu, Korea
    Much depends on what your intended use for your .22 is. If all you want to do is make noise and a hole somewhere in a target, never clean it. If you're shooting for tight groups, then routine maintenance and cleaning is necessary, just like a centerfire firearm. I don't buy into the 'never clean a .22' mantra. If anyone is interested in details, I can refer you to a 45-page article on the need to clean rimfire bores for top accuracy. PM me.
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  10. #30
    Any one concerned about wear on the rifling or wear at the muzzle from a cleaning rod can use a pull thru made from a istring and a patch .
    A string, about three feet long with a suitable small weight, a small paper clip or piece of bent wire with a few small lead fishing line weights crimped on the wire.
    At the other end you can tie on an eye that you can pull cut up patches thru.
    You can pull a dry patch thru to brush out loose stuff and then put on a clean patch and from the breech drop in the pull thru and get the patch to start in the chamber.
    Put some solvent in the chamber to soak the patch keeping muzzle down and pull the wet patch thru.
    Maybe another wet patch again and follow with dry patches till they come out clean.
    Then an oily patch or two followed by a couple dry ones and look thru the bore to see it clean and shiny.
    You can also tie a bore brush on in between the patches . I use waxed string, waxed by me so I can wipe off the string if it gets dirty.
    A piece of clothes line rope will work well as a pull thru too with the attachments tied on with string. I like to braid the string and rub a piece of wax up and down it and the string won't rot on you.

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Abbreviations used in Reloading

BP Bronze Point IMR Improved Military Rifle PTD Pointed
BR Bench Rest M Magnum RN Round Nose
BT Boat Tail PL Power-Lokt SP Soft Point
C Compressed Charge PR Primer SPCL Soft Point "Core-Lokt"
HP Hollow Point PSPCL Pointed Soft Point "Core Lokt" C.O.L. Cartridge Overall Length
PSP Pointed Soft Point Spz Spitzer Point SBT Spitzer Boat Tail
LRN Lead Round Nose LWC Lead Wad Cutter LSWC Lead Semi Wad Cutter
GC Gas Check